Herbal Plants

Medicinal plants also called medicinal herbs, have been discovered and used in traditional medicine practices since prehistoric times. Plants synthesise hundreds of chemical compounds for functions including defence against insectsfungidiseases, and herbivorous mammals. Numerous phytochemicals with potential or established biological activity have been identified. However, since a single plant contains widely diverse phytochemicals, the effects of using a whole plant as medicine are uncertain.

Medicinal Plants & Their Uses

Hindi Name English Name Botanical Name Uses
Adusa/Vasaka
Malabar Nut
Adhatoda vasica Nees Pennel
Cough, Asthma, Bronchitis
Ananas
Pineapple
Ananas comosus Pennel
Sore Throat, Diabetes, Heart Disease, Obesity
Babool
Indian Gum
Acacia arabica Willd Pennel
Oral Care, Bleeding Gums, Wounds
Brahmi
Thyme leafed gratiola
Bacopa monniera Pennel Pennel
Enchances Memory, Anxiety
Dhaniya
Coriander
Coriandrum sativum Linn Pennel
Indigestion, Flatulence, Controls Spasmodic Pain
Kalmegh
Kalmegh
Andrographis paniculata Pennel
Indigestion, Acne, Diarrhea
Lashun
Garlic
Allium sativum Pennel
Ringworm, Dysentery, Wounds
Nagarmotha
Nut Grass
Cyperus rotundus Linn Pennel
Fever, Diabetes, Solar Dermatitis
Punarnava
Spreading Hogweed
Boerhaavia diffusa Linn Pennel
Anemia, Liver Diseases, Wounds
Shalparni
Shal Leafed Bush
Desmodium gangetium DC Pennel
Analgesic, Anti-Inflammatory
Tulsi
Holy Basil
Ocimum sactum Linn Pennel
Indigestion, Heart Diseases, Respiratory Diseases
Vridhadaru
Elephant Creeper
Argyreia speciosa Sweet Pennel
Diabetes, Skin Diseases, Wounds
Agarkasth
Eagle Wood
Aquilaria agallocha Roxb Pennel
Bed-Wetting, Incompetency of Urinary Bladder
Ankol
Sage leaf alangium
Alangium salvifolium Pennel
Snakebite, Scorpion Bite, Dog Bite
Badi Elaichi
Greater Cardamom
Amomum subulatum Pennel
Bronchitis, Asthma, Appetizer, Digestant
Chirchita
Prickly chaff flower
Achyranthes aspera Pennel
Indigestion, Cough, Asthma, Anemia, Jaundice
Elaichi
Lesser Cardamom
Elettaria cardamomum Maton Pennel
Nausea, Vomiting, Dry Cough
Kanghi
Country Mallow
Abutilon indicum Pennel
Facial Paralysis, Joint Disorders, Increases Strength
Malkagini
Staff Tree
Celastrus paniculatus Willd Pennel
Muscle Cramps, Backache, Osteoarthritis, Paralysis
Neem
Margosa Tree
Azadirachta Indica A. Juss Pennel
 Leprosy, Eye Disorders, Bloody Nose, Intestinal Worms
Pyaj
Onion
Allium cepa Linn Pennel
Prostate Cancer, Esophageal, Stomach Cancer
Shatavari
Asparagus
Asparagus racemosus Willd Pennel
Infertility, Loss Of Libido, Threatened Miscarriage
Ulatkambal
Devil’s Cotton
Abroma augusta Pennel
Gynaecological Problems, Irregularity In Periods
Yavasa
Camel Thorn
Alhagi camelorum Pennel
Rheumatism, Vomiting, Stomachache, Constipation
Akarkara
Pellitory
Anacyclus pyrethrum Pennel
Toothache, Dryness Of The Mouth, Throat, Catarrh
Ashgandh
Winter Cherry
Withania somnifera Dunal Pennel
Stress Tolerance, Immunity, Joint Pains, Skin Sores
Bael
Bengal Quince
Aegle marmelos Corr. Pennel
Dysentery And Diabetes, Sunstrokes, Anti-Cancer
Chitvan
Leadwort
Plumbago zeylanica Linn Pennel
Arthritis, Skin Diseases, Menstrual Disorders, Obesity
Ghee Kunwar
Aloes
Aloe vera Tourn ex. Linn Pennel
Ulcers, Burn Injuries, Jaundice, Acne
Ketaki
Crepe Ginger
Costus speciosus (Koeing) Sm. Pennel
Obesity, Hyperlipidaemia, Diabetes
Mandukparni
Gotu Kola
Centella asiatica Urban Pennel
Sedative, Antibiotic, Detoxifier, Laxative
Palasha
Bastard Teak
Butea monosperma Kuntze Pennel
Complexion of Skin, Worm Infestations, Roundworm
Ratti
Rosary Pea
Abrus Precatorius
Joint Pains, Paralysis, Alopecia
Shirish
Siris Tree
Albizia lebbeck (Linn) Benth Pennel
Bronchial Asthma,
Bach
Sweet Flag
Acorus calamus Pennel
Flatulent Colic, Atonic Dyspepsia, Ulcers
Amaltas
Indian Laburnum
Cassia fistula Linn Pennel
Ulcers, Wounds
Ashok
Sorrowless tree
Saraca indica Pennel
Menstrual Irregularities, Uterine Stimulant
Bharangi
Bharangi
Clerodendron serratum Moon Pennel
Common Cold, Chronic Sinusitis, Allergic Rhinitis,
Chitvan
Dita
Alstonia scholaris Pennel
Skin Ulcers, Fever, Increasing Lactation
Guggulu
Indian Bdelium
Commiphora mukul Engl Pennel
Joint Disorders, Heart Diseases, Hypolipidaemic,
Kadirkasth
Cutch Tree
Acacia catechu Willd Pennel
Skin & Respiratory Problems, Oral Hygiene, Astringent
Meetha Vish
Monks hood
Aconitum ferox Pennel
Fever, Diuretic Action, Arthritis
Patha
Velvet Leaf Tree
Cissampelos pareira Linn Pennel
Ulcers, Sinuses, Skin Diseases, Poisonous Bites
Senna
Indian Senna
Cassia angustifolia Vahl Pennel
Laxative, Constipation, Irritable Bowel Syndrome, Weight Loss
Supari
Areca Nut/Betelnut
Areca catechu Linn Pennel
Obesity, Hyperlipidaemia, Diabetes, Irregular Menstruation
Vajradanti
Barleria
Barleria prionitis Linn Pennel
Strengthens Teeth, Fever, Catarrh
Amla
Indian Gooseberry
Emblica officinalis Linn Pennel
Antioxidant, Antistress, Constipation, Fever
Atees
Indian Ateech
Aconitum heterophyllum Wall Pennel
Fever, Respiratory
Bhojpatra
Himalayan Birch
Betula utilis D. Don Pennel
Wounds, Obesity
Dalchini
Bark Cinnamon
Cinnamomum Zeylanicum Breyn Pennel
Antibacterial, Antiseptic
Jimikand
Elephant yam
Amorphophallus campanulatus Pennel
Dysentery, Piles, Haemorrhoids
Kulanjan
Greater Galangal
Alpinia galanga Pennel
Flatulence, Dyspepsia, Vomiting, Seasickness, Catarrh
Mulethi
Liquorice
Glycyrrhiza glabra Linn Pennel
Digestive Disorders, Ulcers, Bronchitis
Pippali
Long Pepper
Piper longum Linn Pennel
Asthma, Cough, Indigestion
Shalai Guggal
Indian Olibanum
Boswellia serrata Roxb. Pennel
Joint Pains, Headache, Diabetes
Tamalpatra
Cinnamon Leaf
Cinnamomum tamala Nees Pennel
Diabetes, Digestion, Cold
Varun
Three Leafed Caper
Crataeva nurvala Buch-Ham Pennel
Kidney Stones, Bladder Stones

Benefits & Importance of Medicinal Plants

Ayurvedic herbs are time tested for their health and other benefits. The nutritive value that they pack are highly recommended for their healing powers. Known to induce no side effects, they have a unique aroma and flavor and when consumed regularly, they act as a perfect mechanism to bring about a balanced harmony between mind and body. They rejuvenate the whole system instead of focusing on one specific organ or body part.

Benefits of Medicinal Plants:

• They have a holistic approach and aid in proper absorption and digestion
• They are not disease specific but act as a preventive medicine that positively effects the overall health and well-being by boosting the immune system
• They are at par with allopathic medicines and are at times known to be effective in treating diseases like cancer and autoimmune diseases
• They are self-contained and nutritive in nature, therefore, are non-toxic and harmless
• It deals with the overall well-being and aims to bring harmony between mind, body and soul
• Several metabolic and chronic conditions can be treated without any side effects using Ayurvedic medicines and treatments
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